UUttarakhand, previously Uttaranchal, is a state within the northern part of India. It is also known as the “Land of theGods” Devbhoomi Uttarakhand (Hindi: ???????) as a result of many holy Hindu temples and pilgrimage centres found throughout the state. Devbhoomi Uttarakhand is known for its natural splendor of the| Himalayas, the Bhabhar and the Terai. On 9 November 2000, this 27th state of the Republic of India was carved out of the Himalayan and adjoining northwestern districts of Uttar Pradesh. It borders the Tibet Autonomous Region on the north; the Mahakali Zone of the Far-Western Region, Nepal on the east; as well as the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh to the south and Himachal Pradesh to the northwest. The state is split into two divisions, Garhwal and Kumaon, using a total of 13 districts. The provisional capital of Uttarakhand is Dehradun, the largest city in the region, that is a railhead. The high court of the state is within Nainital.
Archaeological evidence support the existence of humans in the region since prehistoric times. Among the first major dynasties of Garhwal and Kumaon were the Kunindas in the 2nd century BCE who practised an earlier kind of Shaivism. Ashokan edicts at Kalsi show the early presence of Buddhism in this region. Throughout the medieval period the area was consolidated underneath the Kumaon and Garhwal kingdom. By 1803 the region fell to the Gurkha Empire of Nepal and with the conclusion of the Anglo-Nepalese War in 1816 the majority of modern Uttarakhand was ceded to the British within the Treaty of Sugauli. Even though the erstwhile hill kingdoms of uttarakhand devbhumi were traditional rivals, the proximity of various neighbouring ethnic groups and also the inseparable and complementary nature of their geography, economy, culture, language, and traditions created strong bonds involving the two regions which further strengthened throughout the movement for statehood within the 1990s.
The natives of the state are generally called either Garhwali or Kumaoni based on their place of origin. According to the 2011 census of India, Uttarakhand features a population of 10,116,752, which makes it the 19th most populous state in India. A big portion of the population includes Rajputs and Brahmins. Greater than 88% in the population follow Hinduism. Muslims would be the largest minority in the state with Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists, and Jains being another major religions. Garhwali and Kumaoni along with other hilly dialects and sub-dialects would be the main regional languages, whereas Hindi is regarded as the widely spoken language. Uttarakhand is the only state in India with Sanskrit among its official languages.
Two of the most basic rivers in Hinduism originate in the area, the Ganga at Gangotri and also the Yamuna at Yamunotri. Those two together with Badrinath and Kedarnath form the Chota Char Dham, a holy pilgrimage for your Hindus. The state hosts the Bengal tiger in Jim Corbett National Park, the oldest national park in the Indian subcontinent. The optskj of Flowers, a Unesco World Heritage Site located in the upper expanses of Bhyundar Ganga near Joshimath in Gharwal region, is known for the variety and rarity of the flowers and plants.
Each district is governed with a district commissioner or district magistrate. The districts are further split into sub-divisions, which are governed by sub-divisional magistrates; sub-divisions comprise blocks containing panchayats (village councils) and town municipalities. Based on the 2011 census, Haridwar, Dehradun, and Udham Singh Nagar are the most populous districts, each one having a population of over one million.
Devbhimu Uttarakhand has special reason to rejoice and celebrate since this land has, since ancient times, been the land of Gods and sages. The land in which the excellent arts of life like yoga and meditation emanated from. It has been the place to find legendary sages like Ved Vyas and Rabhya Rishi.
This land in the gods has several sites that link it for the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. The great Dronacharya meditated on the banks in the Tonnes river in the Doon valley whilst the tenth Sikh Guru, Gobind Singh, meditated at Hemkund lake which finds mention in “Bachitra Natak”, the autobiography of Guru Gobind Singh. Hemkund can also be thought to be lokpal, a place existing through the times during the Ramayana. It is known that lokpal was the place where lakshman sat on meditation. lokpal has become connected with lakshman, to be his favorite place. There are many stories about lakshman and his attachment with this particular place. Additionally it is thought that lakshman meditated with this lake and regained health after being wounded by Meghnad, son of Ravana. Even Ganga, which was an integral part of our country’s history, religion and culture since times immemorial, reflects a maturity, serenity and calmness because it flows through Rishikesh and Hardwar. The mighty river itself is apparently in deep meditation in these two sacred cities